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Ruler scale - focus on China's footwear standard testing industry
For thousands of years, shoes have been closely related to human life, and they have become more and more colorful as people progress. Now China has become a recognized world shoe manufacturing country, a major trading country and the most dynamic consumer country. The variety and brand of footwear are extremely rich, and the quality has been greatly improved.
China's footwear standards began in 1974 with the standard of leather shoes. After that, various types of footwear standards have gradually increased. Up to now, there are more than 200 current footwear standards. The standard testing items have also been greatly enriched. The earliest requirements for leather shoes are very simple. The main senses are flawed. After that, physical requirements such as peel strength are added. Now, the limited substances are also required. Development has also witnessed the development of China's footwear industry.
Among the many institutions related to footwear quality in China, the National Shoe Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC305) and the National Footwear Quality Supervision and Inspection Center (Beijing) are leaders in the field of domestic standards and testing.
Promote quality improvement Push industry upgrades - China's footwear industry is going to become a shoe-making country |
After more than 30 years of development since the reform and opening up, China's footwear industry has developed into a large industry with international competitive advantages. According to the statistics of the National Footwear Industry Information Center, the total export of footwear in China was about 9.2 billion pairs in 2016, and the total export value was about 44.2 billion US dollars. According to the Global Footwear Network, although China's shoe production declined gradually after peaking in the global share (62.9%) in 2013, it still reached 57.0% in 2016. China is also one of the countries with the largest consumption of footwear products in the world.
Although China's footwear industry has achieved remarkable results, it still has a certain distance from the strong shoe-making countries. At present, developed countries in Europe and America actively promote "re-industrialization" and high-end manufacturing. The developing countries accelerate the process of industrialization and form a double attack on China's footwear industry. . The technical trade measures of China's footwear products in developed countries have been further intensified, and the quality requirements are more stringent. To solve these problems, the key is to focus on promoting the transformation of the development of the footwear industry, bid farewell to the old road of winning by volume, low-cost competition, and moving to quality improvement, brand management and economic efficiency.
China's "Made in China 2025" puts forward the basic principle of "quality first". In the new round of global industrialization, China's manufacturing industry should get rid of the "double squeeze" and seize the new round of competition in the manufacturing industry. Reshape the core competitive advantage of China's manufacturing industry - quality and brand.
At the end of 2016, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) issued the “13th Five-Year Plan for Quality Brand Improvement”, which clearly stated that quality brand is a major strategic issue for economic and social development, and embodies the competitiveness of enterprises and the comprehensive strength of the country. It is pointed out that the future goal is to further strengthen the supporting role of quality development in industrial transformation and upgrading, significantly enhance the quality innovation capability, gradually increase the proportion of quality competitive industries, and significantly improve the quality premium of export products. A number of quality leading enterprises and advantages have emerged. Industry and consumer favorite national products and quality services. Implement consumer product quality improvement actions in the special promotion plan for consumer products including footwear products. Encourage powerful enterprises to accelerate research and development, design and manufacture in response to hotspots in the consumer goods market, and launch a number of new products in a timely manner. Support enterprises to use modern information technology to promote personalized customization and flexible production to meet the differentiated needs of consumers. Focus on key performance indicators for key consumer products, improve the quality of domestic consumer goods supply, and actively guide the return of overseas consumption. Increase the intensity of consumer product supervision and spot checks, strengthen post-event supervision, and improve the overall effectiveness of supervision and spot checks.
It can be seen that improving product quality is becoming a national strategy. In the future, China's footwear industry will be transformed and upgraded, and upgrading product quality will be a very important task. Foresighted large companies have been strictly controlling product quality. Large companies such as Belle, Tianchuang, Anta, and Li Ning attach great importance to standards and testing, and use them as an important means to improve product quality. For example, Tianchuang's measures related to standard testing mainly include: (1) strictly respecting standards and producing according to standards; (2) actively participating in the revision of some standards; (3) some projects adopt international standards. Anta's corresponding measures are: (1) to develop strict internal control standards, to develop and implement product inspection plans to ensure that products meet the standards; (2) to form an independent testing technology research team to comprehensively implement the company's new products and processes. (3) Research on product quality abnormality and timely project development, development of new inspection national shoe standardization technical committee (referred to as the shoe standard committee) is the national authoritative organization of the footwear industry standardization, its predecessor "China's footwear industry standardization quality The Testing Center Station was approved by the National Bureau of Standards and the Ministry of Light Industry in 1980 and was established by the Institute of Shoe Industry of the Ministry of Light Industry. In 1985, it passed the acceptance of the ISO technical focal point of the National Bureau of Standards and issued a certificate of conformity. In 1990, the "China Shoes Standardization Center" was established. The National Standardization Technical Committee for Shoemaking was approved by the National Standardization Administration Committee (National Standards Committee Comprehensive Letter  No. 29) was formally established in June 2008, numbered SAC/TC 305. The Secretariat is located in the Chinese leather and footwear industry. hospital. The work scope of the shoe standard committee is mainly responsible for the standardization work in the footwear field, the ISO/TC 137 “shoe number identification and marking system” and the ISO/test evaluation method, and is applied to the internal control product standard to monitor the product quality.
China's footwear standards began with leather shoes in the 1970s. After that, various types of footwear standards gradually increased. Up to now, there are more than 200 current footwear standards.
There is little difference between the domestic and international content of the basic standards, and there are basic standards such as "shoe terminology" and "shoe number". Compared with foreign standards, China's footwear standards also have their own characteristics: (1) The standard of testing methods in China's footwear standard system consists of two parts, some of which are equivalent to adopting international standards, and some of which are the method standards of independent research and development in China. The characteristics attach importance to the detection of the whole shoes, such as "wearing performance test method of footwear whole shoes", "wearing performance of footwear shoes test method", widely used in China. (2) In terms of product standards, there are no product standards in the ISO/TC 216 international standard, and only the technical report types involve the performance requirements of footwear components. The standards for footwear products are independently formulated by China and regulate the domestic footwear industry.
At present, there are about 350 institutions with qualifications for leather and footwear testing in China, which can be basically divided into four types. 1. Relying on the testing institutions of the industry, such as the National Footwear Quality Supervision and Inspection Center (Beijing), which is based on the China Leather and Footwear Industry Research Institute. 2. Quality inspection organizations under the quality supervision system. 3. Some well-known foreign testing institutions have entered China. 4. Private testing institutions.
The National Shoe Standardization Technical Committee and the National Footwear Quality Supervision and Inspection Center (Beijing), which is based on the China Leather and Footwear Industry Research Institute, are leaders in the field of domestic standards and testing. Since the 1970s, generations of standard testers have chased a common dream - to make China a world shoe-making powerhouse! It is because of their efforts that China's shoe-making standards testing work is almost from nothing. From domestic to international, we have completed an epoch-making leap and promoted the tremendous progress of China's footwear industry.
| Undertaking for the inspection of the weight of the shoe-shoe spirit - the standard testing team in the front line |
Since the 1970s, China's shoe-making standards have been tested from scratch, from rough to meticulous, from domestic to foreign countries, and have made great achievements. Doing this great project depends on a team of inherited fighters.
■ Three generations of standard test leaders
The tremendous progress in the standard testing of China's footwear industry is inseparable from the leaders of the three generations of standard testing: Zhou Jing, Yan Huaidao, and Xiao Xiaoxia.
The first generation leader was Director Zhou Jing. In 1976, he began to work on the standard test of footwear. In 1981, he was responsible for the work of the China Quality Standardization Center for Shoemaking. At that time, there were only four standards for leather shoes. When perfecting the four standards, Director Zhou Jing started the test method and applied for three test methods for folding resistance, wear resistance and peel strength, and obtained approval from the National Bureau of Standards. Released, laid the foundation for the standard and testing of footwear.
From 1996 to 2006, the second generation leader was Yan Huaitao. Yan Huaidao, who has worked in the field of footwear standards and testing for more than 30 years, from rough to meticulous, has built China's footwear standard testing system to be more perfect, matching with the rapid development of China's footwear industry, and the most proud of Director Yan Huaitao. It is China's standard testing of footwear production has begun to be internationally recognized.
From 2007 to now, the leader of the third generation is Director Xiao Xiaoxia. At the beginning of 1991, he came to work at the Light Industry Footwear Research Institute, which has a close relationship with the standards and testing of footwear. Under the leadership of Director Xiao Xiaoxia, China's standard testing of footwear production has been flourishing: the standardization system has been continuously improved, various standards have been continuously improved, and the Secretariat of the International Standards Committee has been undertaken, achieving a breakthrough in the development of international standards. Director Xiao Xiaoxia’s dream is “to let the Chinese footwear industry have a voice in the world, and the standard testing of footwear should match the big shoemaking country.” For this dream, Xiaoxia Xiao and her team are constantly striving, and the dream is being realized. ,
■ First-line standard testing team
The current leader, Xiaoxia Xiao, has made great achievements in China's standard testing work, but what makes Xiao Xiaoxia more satisfied is to cultivate a highly qualified standard testing team, and put a lot of effort into building such a team.
At the beginning of the work, new employees must go to the company to learn how to make shoes to improve their professional quality. Regular internal training and external training are held at both domestic and foreign locations. The scope covers all aspects related to footwear standards and testing. It has both a fine focus on a certain standard and a collective for a new technology. Learn. The purpose of the training is to enrich the knowledge reserve, and to get to know friends and friends.
Under the efforts of Xiaoxia Xiaoxia, the standard testing talent team in China's footwear industry has gradually developed, and today it has developed into a professional technical team with many postdoctoral, doctoral and master's degrees. The band of help between team members can be seen everywhere. The older generation of experts still adhere to the first line to impart technology and experience to young people unselfishly. Young people quickly master the expertise of standard testing of shoes through the help of the band. With the skills, it also inherits the professional attitude of the older generation of experts, and develops a good atmosphere and atmosphere for team members to learn from each other, learn from each other and share with each other. Some young people have grown up at work and have begun to provoke a spur in footwear testing, standards, and proficiency testing.
Talking about the future of this team and the future of China's footwear standards testing, Xiao Xiaoxia feels a lot. "After I leave, the standard testing of footwear will be more brilliant. We are already technically, personnel, equipment, and funds. There are reserves to expand the space for development in the future. China's footwear industry will become a world shoe-making power, with international voice, and the voice of the Chinese shoe industry in the world.
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